FREE TO NON-PROFIT USERS

ITEM LIBRARIES AND ITEM BANKS

MEASURING WHAT MATTERS TO PATIENTS

MEASURES HOW SKIN FEELS AND LOOKS

Smiling older gentleman of colour

STRONG PSYCHOMETRIC PERFORMANCE

SKIN-Q

CONCEPT-DRIVEN APPROACH

As more people access an increasing range of treatments to rejuvenate their appearance and improve their quality of life, it is vital that outcomes are carefully evaluated. The SKIN-Q is an innovative PROM designed to evaluate outcomes of minimally invasive aesthetic treatments of the face and body. Concept elicitation data from 26 participants was used to form 79 items to measure satisfaction with how the skin looks and feels. Input from 12 experts, 11 patients and 189 online participants was used to finalize a version of the SKIN-Q for field testing. Psychometric analysis included 713 field test surveys (facial, n = 496 and body, n = 174). Test-retest reliability and construct validity for two item sets that measure satisfaction with how skin feels (20 items) and looks (46 items) was established.

CUSTOMIZED DESIGN

The SKIN-Q represents a comprehensive set of items designed to measure how the skin feels and looks. The design of SKIN-Q makes it possible for end-users to customize fit-for-purpose short-form scales to maximize content validity and reduce patient burden. More specifically, sub-sets of items can be selected from an item set and scored by calibrating scores to the full set of items (i.e., item-bank approach), or scored using estimates from independent samples (i.e., item-library approach). From the set of  items, we also produced five example short-form scales that can be used to measure skin-related concerns (eg, skin quality, rejuvenation).

Advancing Knowledge &
Improving Health Outcomes

Research

Field-tested with 657 participants from the US, Canada and UK.

Industry

Can be used in clinical trials of minimally invasive aesthetic treatments (face or body).

Patient Care

Designed using a modern psychometric approach to facilitate use in patient care.

Item Libraries and Item Banks

While standard practice for PROM design involves the development of short-form scales composed of a limited set of items, more recently, item libraries and item banks have been developed to provide a flexible approach to scale design. To evaluate outcomes for aesthetic treatments that target the skin, we developed a comprehensive set of items to measure satisfaction with how the skin feels and looks and provide a way to customize fit-for-purpose scales. In this approach, sub-sets of items can be selected from an item set and scored by calibrating scores to the full set of items (i.e., item-bank approach), or scored using estimates from independent samples (i.e., item-library approach). The short-form approach aims to minimize respondent burden while maximizing content validity.

HOW SKIN LOOKS

SKIN-Q includes 46 items that measure satisfaction with how skin on the body and/or face looks. Three short-form scales were created to illustrate the use of the item library. The first scale includes 7 items that ask about facial movement (e.g., smile, show expression, raise eyebrows, frown). The second scale includes 9 items that measure skin rejuvenation (e.g., youthful, glow, radiant, healthy, fresh). The third scale includes 12 items that measure skin quality (e.g., firm, smooth, hydrated, elasticity).

HOW SKIN FEELS

The SKIN-Q includes 20 items that measure satisfaction with how skin on the face and/or body feels. Two example short-form scales were created to illustrate the use of the item set. The first scale includes 6 items that measures skin rejuvenation (e.g., youthful, refreshed, rejuvenated, healthy). The second scale includes 9 items that measures skin quality (e.g., firm, elasticity, hydrated, smooth).

SKIN-Q FRAMEWORK

Co-Developers

Dr Anne Klassen

Dr Anne Klassen

McMaster University, CA
Dr Andrea Pusic

Dr Andrea Pusic

Brigham and Women’s Hospital, US
Dr Stefan Cano

Dr Stefan Cano

Modus Outcomes, UK

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